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Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of WikiFormatting


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Timestamp:
06/05/13 17:29:27 (5 years ago)
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trac
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  • WikiFormatting

    v1 v1  
     1= WikiFormatting = 
     2[[TracGuideToc]] 
     3 
     4Wiki markup is a core feature in Trac, tightly integrating all the other parts of Trac into a flexible and powerful whole. 
     5 
     6Trac has a built in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements an ever growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis, 
     7especially [http://moinmo.in/ MoinMoin] and [trac:WikiCreole]. 
     8 
     9 
     10This page will give you an in-depth explanation of the wiki markup available anywhere WikiFormatting is allowed. 
     11 
     12The ''Cheat sheet'' below gives you a quick overview for the most common syntax, each link in the ''Category'' column will lead you to the more detailed explanation later in this page. 
     13 
     14A few other wiki pages present the advanced features of the Trac wiki markup in more depth:  
     15 - TracLinks covers all the possible ways to refer precisely to any Trac resource or parts thereof, 
     16 - WikiPageNames talks about the various names a wiki page can take, CamelCase or not 
     17 - WikiMacros lists the macros available for generating dynamic content, 
     18 - WikiProcessors and WikiHtml details how parts of the wiki text can be processed in special ways 
     19 
     20 
     21== Cheat sheet == 
     22 
     23||= '''Category''' =||= '''Wiki Markup''' =||= '''Display''' =|| 
     24|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     25{{{#!th rowspan=3 
     26[#FontStyles Font Styles] 
     27}}} 
     28|| `'''bold'''`, `''italic''`, `'''''Wikipedia style'''''` || \ 
     29|| '''bold''', ''italic'', '''''Wikipedia style''''' || 
     30|| {{{`monospaced (''other markup ignored'')`}}} || \ 
     31|| `monospaced (''other markup ignored'')` || 
     32|| `**bold**`, `//italic//`, `**//!WikiCreole style//**` || \ 
     33|| **bold**, //italic//, **//!WikiCreole style//** || 
     34|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     35||= [#Headings Headings] =||\ 
     36{{{#!td  
     37 {{{ 
     38 == Level 2 == 
     39 === Level 3 ^([#hn note])^ 
     40 }}} 
     41}}} 
     42{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     43== Level 2 == 
     44=== Level 3 ^([#hn note])^ 
     45}}} 
     46|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     47||= [#Paragraphs Paragraphs]  =||\ 
     48{{{#!td 
     49 {{{ 
     50 First paragraph 
     51 on multiple lines. 
     52 
     53 Second paragraph. 
     54 }}} 
     55}}} 
     56{{{#!td 
     57First paragraph 
     58on multiple lines. 
     59 
     60Second paragraph. 
     61}}} 
     62|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     63||= [#Lists Lists] =||\ 
     64{{{#!td 
     65 {{{ 
     66 * bullets list 
     67   on multiple lines 
     68   1. nested list 
     69     a. different numbering  
     70        styles 
     71 }}} 
     72}}} 
     73{{{#!td 
     74* bullets list 
     75  on multiple lines 
     76  1. nested list 
     77    a. different numbering 
     78       styles 
     79}}} 
     80|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     81{{{#!th 
     82[#DefinitionLists Definition Lists] 
     83}}} 
     84{{{#!td 
     85 {{{ 
     86  term:: definition on 
     87         multiple lines 
     88 }}} 
     89}}} 
     90{{{#!td 
     91 term:: definition on 
     92        multiple lines 
     93}}} 
     94|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     95||= [#PreformattedText Preformatted Text] =||\ 
     96{{{#!td 
     97 {{{ 
     98 {{{ 
     99 multiple lines, ''no wiki'' 
     100       white space respected 
     101 }}} 
     102 }}} 
     103}}} 
     104{{{#!td 
     105 {{{ 
     106 multiple lines, ''no wiki'' 
     107       white space respected 
     108 }}} 
     109}}} 
     110|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     111||= [#Blockquotes Blockquotes] =||\ 
     112{{{#!td 
     113 {{{ 
     114   if there's some leading 
     115   space the text is quoted 
     116 }}} 
     117}}} 
     118{{{#!td 
     119 if there's some leading 
     120 space the text is quoted 
     121}}} 
     122|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     123||= [#DiscussionCitations Discussion Citations] =||\ 
     124{{{#!td 
     125 {{{ 
     126 >> ... (I said) 
     127 > (he replied) 
     128 }}} 
     129}}} 
     130{{{#!td 
     131>>... (I said) 
     132> (he replied) 
     133}}} 
     134|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     135||= [#Tables Tables] =||\ 
     136{{{#!td 
     137 {{{ 
     138 ||= Table Header =|| Cell || 
     139 ||||  (details below)  || 
     140 }}} 
     141}}} 
     142{{{#!td 
     143||= Table Header =|| Cell || 
     144||||  (details below)  || 
     145}}} 
     146|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     147{{{#!th rowspan=2 
     148[#Links Links] 
     149}}} 
     150|| `http://trac.edgewall.org` ||\ 
     151|| http://trac.edgewall.org || 
     152|| `WikiFormatting (CamelCase)` ||\ 
     153|| WikiFormatting (CamelCase) || 
     154|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     155{{{#!th rowspan=5 
     156[#TracLinks TracLinks] 
     157}}} 
     158|| `wiki:WikiFormatting`, `wiki:"WikiFormatting"` ||\ 
     159|| wiki:WikiFormatting, wiki:"WikiFormatting" || 
     160|| `#1 (ticket)`, `[1] (changeset)`, `{1} (report)` ||\ 
     161|| #1 (ticket), [1] (changeset), {1} (report) || 
     162|| `ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1` ||\ 
     163|| ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1 || 
     164|| `Ticket [ticket:1]`, `[ticket:1 ticket one]` ||\ 
     165|| Ticket [ticket:1], [ticket:1 ticket one] || 
     166|| `Ticket [[ticket:1]]`, `[[ticket:1|ticket one]]` ||\ 
     167|| Ticket [[ticket:1]], [[ticket:1|ticket one]] || 
     168|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     169{{{#!th rowspan=2  
     170[#SettingAnchors Setting Anchors] 
     171}}} 
     172|| `[=#point1 (1)] First...` ||\ 
     173|| [=#point1 (1)] First... || 
     174|| `see [#point1 (1)]` ||\ 
     175|| see [#point1 (1)] || 
     176|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     177{{{#!th rowspan=3 
     178[#Escaping Escaping Markup] 
     179}}} 
     180|| `!'' doubled quotes` ||\ 
     181|| !'' doubled quotes || 
     182|| `!wiki:WikiFormatting`, `!WikiFormatting` ||\ 
     183|| !wiki:WikiFormatting, !WikiFormatting || 
     184|| {{{`}}}`{{{-}}}`{{{`}}}` triple curly brackets` ||\ 
     185|| `{{{-}}}` triple curly brackets || 
     186|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     187||= [#Images Images] =|| `[[Image(`''link''`)]]` || [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]] || 
     188|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     189{{{#!th rowspan=2 
     190[#Macros Macros] 
     191}}} 
     192|| `[[MacroList(*)]]` ||  ''(short list of all available macros)''  || 
     193|| `[[Image?]]` ||  ''(help for the Image macro)''  || 
     194|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     195||= [#Processors Processors] =||\ 
     196{{{#!td 
     197 {{{ 
     198 {{{ 
     199 #!div style="font-size: 80%" 
     200 Code highlighting: 
     201   {{{#!python 
     202   hello = lambda: "world" 
     203   }}} 
     204 }}} 
     205 }}} 
     206}}} 
     207{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     208 {{{ 
     209 #!div style="font-size: 80%" 
     210 Code highlighting: 
     211   {{{#!python  
     212   hello = lambda: "world" 
     213   }}} 
     214 }}} 
     215}}} 
     216|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     217||= [#Comments Comments] =||\ 
     218{{{#!td 
     219 {{{ 
     220 {{{#!comment 
     221 Note to Editors: ... 
     222 }}} 
     223 }}} 
     224}}} 
     225{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     226 {{{#!comment 
     227 Note to Editors: ... 
     228 }}} 
     229}}} 
     230|----------------------------------------------------------- 
     231||= [#Miscellaneous Miscellaneous] =||\ 
     232{{{#!td 
     233 {{{ 
     234 Line [[br]] break  
     235 Line \\ break 
     236 ---- 
     237 }}} 
     238}}} 
     239{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     240Line [[br]] break 
     241Line \\ break 
     242---- 
     243}}} 
     244 
     245 
     246== Font Styles == 
     247 
     248The Trac wiki supports the following font styles: 
     249||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     250{{{#!td 
     251  {{{ 
     252   * '''bold''',  
     253     ''' triple quotes !'''  
     254     can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',  
     255   * ''italic'' 
     256   * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and 
     257     ''' italic bold ''' '' 
     258   * __underline__ 
     259   * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace` 
     260     (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting) 
     261   * ~~strike-through~~ 
     262   * ^superscript^  
     263   * ,,subscript,, 
     264   * **also bold**, //italic as well//,  
     265     and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)// 
     266  }}} 
     267}}} 
     268{{{#!td 
     269 * '''bold''',  
     270   ''' triple quotes !'''  
     271   can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',  
     272 * ''italic'' 
     273 * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and 
     274   ''' italic bold ''' '' 
     275 * __underline__ 
     276 * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace` 
     277   (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting) 
     278 * ~~strike-through~~ 
     279 * ^superscript^  
     280 * ,,subscript,, 
     281 * **also bold**, //italic as well//,  
     282   and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)// 
     283}}} 
     284 
     285Notes: 
     286 * `{{{...}}}` and {{{`...`}}} commands not only select a monospace font, but also treat their content as verbatim text, meaning that no further wiki processing is done on this text. 
     287 * {{{ ! }}} tells wiki parser to not take the following characters as wiki format, so pay attention to put a space after !, e.g. when ending bold. 
     288 * all the font styles marks have to be used in opening/closing pairs,  
     289   and they must nest properly (in particular, an `''` italic can't be paired  
     290   with a `//` one, and `'''` can't be paired with `**`) 
     291 
     292 
     293== Headings == 
     294 
     295You can create heading by starting a line with one up to six ''equal'' characters ("=") 
     296followed by a single space and the headline text.  
     297 
     298[=#hn] 
     299The headline text can be followed by the same number of "=" characters, but this is no longer mandatory. 
     300 
     301Finally, the heading might optionally be followed by an explicit id. If not, an implicit but nevertheless readable id will be generated. 
     302 
     303||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     304{{{#!td 
     305  {{{ 
     306  = Heading = 
     307  == Subheading 
     308  === About ''this'' === 
     309  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading 
     310  == Subheading #sub2 
     311}}} 
     312}}} 
     313{{{#!td style="padding: 1em;" 
     314  {{{ 
     315  #!div 
     316  = Heading = 
     317  == Subheading 
     318  === About ''this'' === 
     319  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading 
     320  == Subheading #sub2 
     321  }}} 
     322}}} 
     323 
     324== Paragraphs == 
     325 
     326A new text paragraph is created whenever two blocks of text are separated by one or more empty lines. 
     327 
     328A forced line break can also be inserted, using: 
     329||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     330{{{#!td 
     331  {{{ 
     332  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2 
     333  }}} 
     334  {{{ 
     335  Paragraph 
     336  one 
     337 
     338  Paragraph  
     339  two 
     340  }}} 
     341}}} 
     342{{{#!td 
     343  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2 
     344 
     345  Paragraph  
     346  one 
     347 
     348  Paragraph  
     349  two 
     350}}} 
     351 
     352== Lists == 
     353 
     354The wiki supports both ordered/numbered and unordered lists. 
     355 
     356Example: 
     357||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     358{{{#!td 
     359  {{{ 
     360   * Item 1 
     361     * Item 1.1 
     362        * Item 1.1.1    
     363        * Item 1.1.2 
     364        * Item 1.1.3 
     365     * Item 1.2 
     366   * Item 2 
     367  - items can start at the beginning of a line 
     368    and they can span multiple lines 
     369    - be careful though to continue the line  
     370    with the appropriate indentation, otherwise 
     371  that will start a new paragraph... 
     372   
     373   1. Item 1 
     374     a. Item 1.a 
     375     a. Item 1.b 
     376        i. Item 1.b.i 
     377        i. Item 1.b.ii 
     378   1. Item 2 
     379  And numbered lists can also be restarted 
     380  with an explicit number: 
     381   3. Item 3 
     382  }}} 
     383}}} 
     384{{{#!td 
     385 * Item 1 
     386   * Item 1.1 
     387      * Item 1.1.1    
     388      * Item 1.1.2 
     389      * Item 1.1.3 
     390   * Item 1.2 
     391 * Item 2 
     392- items can start at the beginning of a line 
     393  and they can span multiple lines 
     394  - be careful though to continue the line  
     395  with the appropriate indentation, otherwise 
     396that will start a new paragraph... 
     397 
     398 1. Item 1 
     399   a. Item 1.a 
     400   a. Item 1.b 
     401      i. Item 1.b.i 
     402      i. Item 1.b.ii 
     403 1. Item 2 
     404And numbered lists can also be restarted with an explicit number: 
     405 3. Item 3 
     406}}} 
     407 
     408 
     409== Definition Lists == 
     410 
     411The wiki also supports definition lists. 
     412 
     413||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     414{{{#!td 
     415  {{{ 
     416   llama:: 
     417     some kind of mammal, with hair 
     418   ppython:: 
     419     some kind of reptile, without hair 
     420     (can you spot the typo?) 
     421  }}} 
     422}}} 
     423{{{#!td 
     424 llama:: 
     425   some kind of mammal, with hair 
     426 ppython:: 
     427   some kind of reptile, without hair 
     428   (can you spot the typo?) 
     429}}} 
     430 
     431Note that you need a space in front of the defined term. 
     432 
     433 
     434== Preformatted Text == 
     435 
     436Block containing preformatted text are suitable for source code snippets, notes and examples. Use three ''curly braces'' wrapped around the text to define a block quote. The curly braces need to be on a separate line. 
     437   
     438||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     439{{{#!td 
     440  {{{ 
     441  {{{ 
     442  def HelloWorld(): 
     443      print '''Hello World''' 
     444  }}} 
     445  }}} 
     446}}} 
     447{{{#!td 
     448  {{{ 
     449  def HelloWorld(): 
     450      print '''Hello World''' 
     451  }}} 
     452}}} 
     453 
     454Note that this kind of block is also used for selecting lines that should be processed through WikiProcessors. 
     455 
     456== Blockquotes == 
     457 
     458In order to mark a paragraph as blockquote, indent that paragraph with two spaces. 
     459 
     460||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     461{{{#!td 
     462{{{ 
     463Paragraph 
     464  This text is a quote from someone else. 
     465}}} 
     466}}} 
     467{{{#!td 
     468Paragraph 
     469  This text is a quote from someone else. 
     470}}} 
     471 
     472== Discussion Citations == 
     473 
     474To delineate a citation in an ongoing discussion thread, such as the ticket comment area, e-mail-like citation marks (">", ">>", etc.) may be used.   
     475 
     476||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     477{{{#!td 
     478  {{{ 
     479  >> Someone's original text 
     480  > Someone else's reply text 
     481  >  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup 
     482  My reply text 
     483  }}} 
     484}}} 
     485{{{#!td 
     486>> Someone's original text 
     487> Someone else's reply text 
     488>  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup 
     489My reply text 
     490}}} 
     491 
     492 
     493== Tables == 
     494=== Simple Tables === 
     495Simple tables can be created like this: 
     496||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     497{{{#!td 
     498  {{{ 
     499  ||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3|| 
     500  ||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6|| 
     501  }}} 
     502}}} 
     503{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;" 
     504||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3|| 
     505||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6|| 
     506}}} 
     507 
     508Cell headings can be specified by wrapping the content in a pair of '=' characters. 
     509Note that the '=' characters have to stick to the cell separators, like this: 
     510||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     511{{{#!td 
     512  {{{ 
     513  ||        ||= stable =||= latest =|| 
     514  ||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev|| 
     515  ||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev|| 
     516  }}} 
     517}}} 
     518{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;" 
     519||        ||= stable =||= latest =|| 
     520||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev|| 
     521||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev|| 
     522}}} 
     523 
     524Finally, specifying an empty cell means that the next non empty cell will span the empty cells. For example: 
     525||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     526{{{#!td 
     527  {{{ 
     528  || 1 || 2 || 3 || 
     529  |||| 1-2 || 3 || 
     530  || 1 |||| 2-3 || 
     531  |||||| 1-2-3 || 
     532  }}} 
     533}}} 
     534{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;" 
     535|| 1 || 2 || 3 || 
     536|||| 1-2 || 3 || 
     537|| 1 |||| 2-3 || 
     538|||||| 1-2-3 || 
     539}}} 
     540 
     541Note that if the content of a cell "sticks" to one side of the cell and only one, then the text will be aligned on that side. Example: 
     542||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     543{{{#!td 
     544  {{{ 
     545  ||=Text =||= Numbers =|| 
     546  ||left align    ||        1.0|| 
     547  ||  center      ||        4.5|| 
     548  ||      right align||     4.5|| 
     549  || default alignment ||   2.5|| 
     550  ||default||         2.5|| 
     551  ||  default ||      2.5|| 
     552  || default ||       2.5|| 
     553  }}} 
     554}}} 
     555{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;" 
     556||=Text =||= Numbers =|| 
     557||left align    ||        1.0|| 
     558||  center      ||        4.5|| 
     559||      right align||     4.5|| 
     560|| default alignment ||   2.5|| 
     561||default||         2.5|| 
     562||  default ||      2.5|| 
     563|| default ||       2.5|| 
     564}}} 
     565 
     566If contrary to the example above, the cells in your table contain more text, it might be convenient to spread a table row over multiple lines of markup. The `\` character placed at the end of a line after a cell separator tells Trac to not start a new row for the cells on the next line. 
     567 
     568||= Wiki Markup =|| 
     569{{{#!td 
     570  {{{ 
     571  || this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \ 
     572  || this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \ 
     573  || that's column 3 and last one || 
     574  }}} 
     575}}} 
     576|------------- 
     577||= Display =|| 
     578{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;" 
     579|| this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \ 
     580|| this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \ 
     581|| that's column 3 and last one || 
     582}}} 
     583 
     584=== Complex Tables === 
     585 
     586If the possibilities offered by the simple "pipe"-based markup for tables described above are not enough for your needs, you can create more elaborated tables by using [#Processors-example-tables WikiProcessor based tables]. 
     587 
     588 
     589== Links == 
     590 
     591Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and URLs. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by prepending an exclamation mark "!" character, such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}. 
     592 
     593||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     594{{{#!td 
     595  {{{ 
     596  TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink 
     597  }}} 
     598}}} 
     599{{{#!td 
     600TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink 
     601}}} 
     602 
     603Links can be given a more descriptive title by writing the link followed by a space and a title and all this inside square brackets.  
     604If the descriptive title is omitted, then the explicit prefix is discarded, unless the link is an external link. This can be useful for wiki pages not adhering to the WikiPageNames convention. 
     605 
     606||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     607{{{#!td 
     608  {{{ 
     609   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software] 
     610   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]  
     611   * [wiki:TitleIndex]  
     612   * [wiki:ISO9000] 
     613  }}} 
     614}}} 
     615{{{#!td 
     616   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software] 
     617   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]  
     618   * [wiki:TitleIndex]  
     619   * [wiki:ISO9000] 
     620}}} 
     621 
     622Following the [trac:WikiCreole] trend, the descriptive title can also be specified by writing the link followed by a pipe ('|') and a title and all this inside //double// square brackets.  
     623 
     624{{{#!td 
     625  {{{ 
     626   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]] 
     627   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]] 
     628     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]] 
     629   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]] 
     630     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! ''' 
     631   * [[ISO9000]] 
     632  }}} 
     633}}} 
     634{{{#!td 
     635   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]] 
     636   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]] 
     637     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]] 
     638   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]] 
     639     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! ''' 
     640   * [[ISO9000]] 
     641}}} 
     642 
     643'''Note''': the [trac:WikiCreole] style for links is quick to type and 
     644certainly looks familiar as it's the one used on Wikipedia and in many 
     645other wikis. Unfortunately it conflicts with the syntax for [#Macros macros]. 
     646So in the rare case when you need to refer to a page which is named after 
     647a macro (typical examples being TitleIndex, InterTrac and InterWiki),  
     648by writing `[[TitleIndex]]` you will actually call the macro instead of linking 
     649to the page. 
     650 
     651== Trac Links == 
     652 
     653Wiki pages can link directly to other parts of the Trac system. Pages can refer to tickets, reports, changesets, milestones, source files and other Wiki pages using the following notations: 
     654 
     655||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     656{{{#!td 
     657  {{{ 
     658   * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1 
     659   * Reports: {1} or report:1 
     660   * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1 
     661   * ... 
     662   * targeting other Trac instances,  
     663     so called InterTrac links: 
     664     - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1 
     665     - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1 
     666  }}} 
     667}}} 
     668{{{#!td 
     669 * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1 
     670 * Reports: {1} or report:1 
     671 * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1 
     672 * ...  
     673 * targeting other Trac instances,  
     674   so called InterTrac links: 
     675   - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1 
     676   - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1 
     677}}} 
     678 
     679There are many more flavors of Trac links, see TracLinks for more in-depth information and a reference for all the default link resolvers. 
     680 
     681 
     682== Setting Anchors == 
     683 
     684An anchor, or more correctly speaking, an [http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/links.html#h-12.2.1 anchor name] can be added explicitly at any place in the Wiki page, in order to uniquely identify a position in the document: 
     685 
     686{{{ 
     687[=#point1] 
     688}}} 
     689 
     690This syntax was chosen to match the format for explicitly naming the header id [#Headings documented above]. For example: 
     691{{{ 
     692== Long title == #title 
     693}}} 
     694 
     695It's also very close to the syntax for the corresponding link to that anchor: 
     696{{{ 
     697[#point1] 
     698}}} 
     699 
     700Optionally, a label can be given to the anchor: 
     701{{{ 
     702[[=#point1 '''Point 1''']] 
     703}}} 
     704 
     705||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     706|---------------------------------- 
     707{{{#!td 
     708  {{{ 
     709  [#point2 jump to the second point] 
     710 
     711  ... 
     712 
     713  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here 
     714  }}} 
     715}}} 
     716{{{#!td 
     717  [#point2 jump to the second point] 
     718 
     719  ... 
     720 
     721  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here 
     722}}} 
     723 
     724For more complex anchors (e.g. when a custom title is wanted), one can use the Span macro, e.g. `[[span(id=point2, class=wikianchor, title=Point 2, ^(2)^)]]`. 
     725 
     726 
     727== Escaping Links, WikiPageNames and other Markup == #Escaping 
     728 
     729You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single "!" (exclamation mark). 
     730 
     731||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     732{{{#!td 
     733  {{{ 
     734   !NoHyperLink 
     735   !#42 is not a link 
     736  }}} 
     737  {{{ 
     738Various forms of escaping for list markup: 
     739 `-` escaped minus sign \\ 
     740 ``1. escaped number  \\ 
     741 {{{*}}} escaped asterisk sign 
     742  }}} 
     743}}} 
     744{{{#!td 
     745 !NoHyperLink 
     746 !#42 is not a link 
     747 
     748Various forms of escaping for list markup: 
     749 `-` escaped minus sign \\ 
     750 ``1. escaped number  \\ 
     751 {{{*}}} escaped asterisk sign 
     752}}} 
     753 
     754== Images == 
     755 
     756Urls ending with `.png`, `.gif` or `.jpg` are no longer automatically interpreted as image links, and converted to `<img>` tags. 
     757 
     758You now have to use the ![[Image]] macro. The simplest way to include an image is to upload it as attachment to the current page, and put the filename in a macro call like `[[Image(picture.gif)]]`. 
     759 
     760In addition to the current page, it is possible to refer to other resources: 
     761 * `[[Image(wiki:WikiFormatting:picture.gif)]]` (referring to attachment on another page) 
     762 * `[[Image(ticket:1:picture.gif)]]` (file attached to a ticket) 
     763 * `[[Image(htdocs:picture.gif)]]` (referring to a file inside the [TracEnvironment environment] `htdocs` directory) 
     764 * `[[Image(source:/trunk/trac/htdocs/trac_logo_mini.png)]]` (a file in repository) 
     765 
     766||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     767{{{#!td 
     768  {{{ 
     769  [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]] 
     770  }}} 
     771}}} 
     772{{{#!td 
     773[[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]] 
     774}}} 
     775 
     776See WikiMacros for further documentation on the `[[Image()]]` macro, which has several useful options (`title=`, `link=`, etc.) 
     777 
     778 
     779== Macros == 
     780 
     781Macros are ''custom functions'' to insert dynamic content in a page. 
     782 
     783||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     784{{{#!td 
     785  {{{ 
     786  [[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]] 
     787  }}} 
     788}}} 
     789{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     790[[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]] 
     791}}} 
     792 
     793See WikiMacros for more information, and a list of installed macros. 
     794 
     795The detailed help for a specific macro can also be obtained more directly by appending a "?" to the macro name. 
     796 
     797||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     798{{{#!td 
     799  {{{ 
     800  [[MacroList?]] 
     801  }}} 
     802}}} 
     803{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em" 
     804[[MacroList?]] 
     805}}} 
     806 
     807 
     808== Processors == 
     809 
     810Trac supports alternative markup formats using WikiProcessors. For example, processors are used to write pages in  
     811[wiki:WikiRestructuredText reStructuredText] or [wiki:WikiHtml HTML].  
     812 
     813||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     814|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     815{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%" 
     816 
     817   [=#Processors-example-html Example 1:] HTML 
     818 
     819}}} 
     820|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     821{{{#!td style="border: 0px" 
     822  {{{ 
     823  {{{ 
     824  #!html 
     825  <h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue"> 
     826   HTML Test 
     827  </h1> 
     828  }}} 
     829  }}} 
     830}}} 
     831{{{#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px" 
     832 
     833{{{ 
     834#!html 
     835<h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue">HTML Test</h1> 
     836}}} 
     837 
     838}}} 
     839|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     840{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%" 
     841 
     842   [=#Processors-example-highlight Example 2:] Code Highlighting 
     843 
     844}}} 
     845|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     846{{{#!td style="border: 0px" 
     847  {{{ 
     848  {{{ 
     849  #!python 
     850  class Test: 
     851   
     852      def __init__(self): 
     853          print "Hello World" 
     854  if __name__ == '__main__': 
     855     Test() 
     856  }}} 
     857  }}} 
     858}}} 
     859{{{ 
     860#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px" 
     861 
     862{{{ 
     863#!python 
     864class Test: 
     865    def __init__(self): 
     866        print "Hello World" 
     867if __name__ == '__main__': 
     868   Test() 
     869}}} 
     870 
     871}}} 
     872|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     873{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%" 
     874 
     875       [=#Processors-example-tables Example 3:] Complex Tables 
     876 
     877}}} 
     878|-------------------------------------------------------- 
     879{{{#!td style="border: 0px" 
     880  {{{ 
     881  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify 
     882  With the `#td` and `#th` processors, 
     883  table cells can contain any content: 
     884  }}} 
     885  |---------------- 
     886  {{{#!td 
     887    - lists 
     888    - embedded tables 
     889    - simple multiline content 
     890  }}} 
     891  |---------------- 
     892  {{{#!td 
     893  As processors can be easily nested,  
     894  so can be tables: 
     895    {{{#!th 
     896    Example: 
     897    }}} 
     898    {{{#!td style="background: #eef" 
     899    || must be at the third level now... || 
     900    }}} 
     901  }}} 
     902  |---------------- 
     903  {{{#!td 
     904  Even when you don't have complex markup, 
     905  this form of table cells can be convenient 
     906  to write content on multiple lines. 
     907  }}} 
     908  }}} 
     909}}} 
     910{{{ 
     911#!td  valign="top"  style="border: 0px" 
     912 
     913  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify 
     914  With the `#td` and `#th` processors, 
     915  table cells can contain any content: 
     916  }}} 
     917  |---------------- 
     918  {{{#!td 
     919    - lists 
     920    - embedded tables 
     921    - simple multiline content 
     922  }}} 
     923  |---------------- 
     924  {{{#!td 
     925  As processors can be easily nested,  
     926  so can be tables: 
     927    {{{#!th 
     928    Example: 
     929    }}} 
     930    {{{#!td style="background: #eef" 
     931    || must be at the third level now... || 
     932    }}} 
     933  }}} 
     934  |---------------- 
     935  {{{#!td 
     936  Even when you don't have complex markup, 
     937  this form of table cells can be convenient 
     938  to write content on multiple lines. 
     939  }}} 
     940 
     941}}} 
     942 
     943See WikiProcessors for more information. 
     944 
     945 
     946== Comments == 
     947 
     948Comments can be added to the plain text. These will not be rendered and will not display in any other format than plain text. 
     949 
     950||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     951{{{#!td 
     952  {{{ 
     953  Nothing to 
     954  {{{ 
     955  #!comment 
     956  Your comment for editors here 
     957  }}} 
     958  see ;-) 
     959  }}} 
     960}}} 
     961{{{#!td 
     962  Nothing to 
     963  {{{ 
     964  #!comment 
     965  Your comment for editors here 
     966  }}} 
     967  see ;-) 
     968}}} 
     969 
     970== Miscellaneous == 
     971 
     972An horizontal line can be used to separated different parts of your page: 
     973 
     974||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =|| 
     975{{{#!td 
     976  {{{ 
     977  Four or more dashes will be replaced  
     978  by an horizontal line (<HR>) 
     979  ---- 
     980  See? 
     981  }}} 
     982}}} 
     983{{{#!td 
     984Four or more dashes will be replaced 
     985by an horizontal line (<HR>) 
     986---- 
     987See? 
     988}}} 
     989|---------------------------------- 
     990{{{#!td 
     991  {{{ 
     992  "macro" style [[br]] line break 
     993  }}} 
     994}}} 
     995{{{#!td 
     996"macro" style [[br]] line break 
     997}}} 
     998|---------------------------------- 
     999{{{#!td 
     1000  {{{ 
     1001  !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break 
     1002  }}} 
     1003}}} 
     1004{{{#!td 
     1005!WikiCreole style \\ line\\break 
     1006}}} 
     1007