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Opened 3 weeks ago

Last modified 3 weeks ago

#4121 new defect

Proposal to change the headings hierarchy in the Blog section

Reported by: afercia Owned by:
Milestone: Priority: normal
Component: General Keywords: headings-hierarchy
Cc:

Description

Splitting this out from #4110.

The headings hierarchy in the Blog section has room for improvements for better SEO and accessibility:

http://cldup.com/FQdgefzO-Z.jpeg

As mentioned in #4112 the logo shouldn't be a h1. This page should have a main h1 that identifies the main topic of the page. Suggested: "Blog archive".

More importantly, as for the case of the Make blogs, this page suffers from a problem which is present also in the bundled themes. In the archive pages, the post titles should be h2, while in the single post page, the post title should be h1. See also #4119.

Basically:

  • each post title shouldn't be a h2: given the current headings structure (see screenshot above), it's impossible to understand which h2 are post titles and which ones come from the post content
  • search engines crawlers and screen reader users can't understand which headings represent the post titles
  • it's impossible to change the headings from the posts content "on the fly" and bump them up one level automatically only in the archive page
  • in the single post page, the post title needs to stay as h1 and the headings in the content need to have a correct hierarchy starting from h2
  • in the archive page, one option could be making the post titles h2 and displaying only the post excerpts and not the entire posts

Social sharing and sidebar headings:
At the end of the headings list the headings used for the social sharing and the ones used in the sidebar have an incorrect hierarchy, currently:

2 Further Reading:
  3 Share this:
  3 Like this:
    4 See Also:
    4 Categories
    4 Subscribe to WordPress News

Where "Further Reading:" is the last heading in the last post in the current archive. This hierarchy is clearly incorrect because neither the social headings or the sidebar ones are logically sub-headings of "Further Reading:".

Suggested change (not perfect, but better):

2 Social sharing
  3 Share this: (output by sharedaddy so I guess it can't be changed)
  3 Like this: (output by sharedaddy so I guess it can't be changed)
2 See Also:
2 Categories
2 Subscribe to WordPress News

Single post page:
For example: https://wordpress.org/news/2019/01/wordpress-5-1-beta-2/

  • the logo shouldn't be a h1
  • the post title should be the only h1 in the page
  • post authors should use a correct headings hierarchy in their content starting with h1 headings, which is made easier with Gutenberg
  • the social sharing headings, the "Post navigation" heading (visually hidden with screen-reader-text), and the sidebar headings have an incorrect hierarchy, much like in the archive page. Currently:
2 How to Help
  3 Share this: (output by sharedaddy so I guess it can't be changed)
  3 Like this: (output by sharedaddy so I guess it can't be changed)
2 Post navigation
    4 See Also:
    4 Categories
    4 Subscribe to WordPress News

Where "How to Help" is the last heading in the example post content. Suggested change:

2 Social sharing
  3 Share this:
  3 Like this:
2 Post navigation
2 See Also:
2 Categories
2 Subscribe to WordPress News

Please consider there are other pages in the Blog section (the categories ones for example). A complete analysis is out of the scope of this ticket. However, these are general guidelines that should be applied everywhere.

Change History (1)

#1 @afercia
3 weeks ago

  • Keywords headings-hierarchy added
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